The territory between the central Anatolian cities of Aksaray,Nigde,Nevsehir and Kayseri is historically called as Cappadocia since ancient times.Its unique geological formations and historical heritage encourage people to come and see its beauties.Rock formations of territory which have come to existence after mother Nature's millions of years of work,and man's contribution to this volcanic area offer to us the breath-taking harmony of man and nature.
Cappadocia has infinite number of tumuli and antique cities,because it has been home for many different culture since humanity begun.All of these treasures are still waiting to be discovered by archeologists who can contribute a great deal to the history of this region.Two of these antique cities which have been excavated till now and have illimunated Anatolian history to certain extent are Kultepe near Kayseri and Acemhoyuk in Aksaray province.
Cappadocia is simultaneously the area where one of the greatest civilazitions of Anatolia ,The Hittites was founded and had flourished.Cappadocia
THE FRESCO OF ÇATALHÖYÜK
We can accept that the long history of Cappadocia stars with a wall fresco found in the oldest neolithic city of Çatalhöyük. This wall fresco is renowned as the oldest scenic painting of the world and shows one of the volcanic mountains of the region , nameli the Hasandağ. On this fresco which is dated back to 6200 B.C, we see the houses of Çatalhöyük in the front with the mountain’s smoke, volcanic bombs, and the flowing lava as its setting . This fresco with the double-peaked Hasandağ is now at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara. The fresco is an indicator of the decorative taste of the local population of those times. İt is furthermore geolocically important in that , it is a proof of the volcanic activity of Hasandağ which was eternally carved on a plate by a local artist.
Cappadocia w itnessed the existence of a series of small and independent
THE AGE OF ASSYRİAN
Anatolia entered her golden age at the beginning of 2000 B.C and became the most attractive place for immigrants . The Assyrians , who were well-knovn for theircommercial cunning,were of course aware of the riches of this Peninsula,and have founded “Karum “s,that is trade centers , in the most promising localities of Anatolia . The leading Karun of the times was the one founded in kültepe.
The karum of Kültepe was situated at the outskirts of the castle of Kanish. The Assyrians imported tin , textiles,perfumes and other luxury articles to Anatolia, and exported gold,silver and copper in return. This queer trade between the Assyrian merchants and the locals of Anatolia lasted as long as 150 years. The wars among the Anatolia kingdoms in 1850-1800 B.C put an end to the age of the Assyrian trade colonies.
This era has attracted the attention of many researchers and archaeologists since the beginning of the 19th century, and finally an Assyrian trade colony was excavated in Kültepe/Cappadocia in 1925 . One of the main discoveries of this excavation was the “Tablets of Cappadocia “which are the oldest written documents of Anatolian history, and which are therefone of immesurable importance.