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Fairy Chimneys of Cappadocia

The fairy chimneys which render a fabulous scenery to Cappadocia are the results of a geological 
Phenonenon that lasted for milions of years.The story of the fayri chimneys wich are uniqe in the world starts witch the volcanic eruptions of thisregion.
We come across the most beautiful fairy chimneys in the are wnich is 288 square kilometres big and lies between an 18 kilometer section of Kızılırmak in the north, the Damsa stream in the east, the Nevşehir stream in the west, and the Oylu and Kermil mountains in the south . This volcanic area is built by the tuffs underneath, and basalt and andesites over them. 
The katter covered the tuffs wholly once, but today they are seen only in some sections. These basalt pieces stand either as houge blocks on the conical shapes, ör as cornices over the tuffs . The fairy chimneyes came into existence at the suitable areas through the rains and the erosinos of the 4th Geolocic Time. They sometimes reach a height of 40 meters,are conical in shape, and have a” hat”of basalt over them. The phenomenom of erosion thins out the neck underneath the”hat” which in the end can’t be carried by the cone anymore and drops down. Such a fairy chimney will then be left without protection and will be eroded further . This phenomenon takes place continually even today and the very old chimneys get replaced by the younger ones. We find the best examples of these natural wonders in the triangle between Ürgüp, Uchisar, and Avanos.